Posts Tagged ‘Archaeometry and Archaeology’
During the 2007-2008 excavations at Pyrgos-Mavroraki, a series of preliminary archaeometric analyses were performed, in parallel with the archaeometric investigations, on organic sedimentsselected from the interior of a number of artefacts from the necropolis at Erimi (Table no.1). Sediments selected from vases coming from “Pitharka” cemetery: tomb 119 (artefact no. 1) and tomb 115 (artefacts 2 and 11) were treated with the standard method used to extract alkaloids (Fejgi M., 1989), namely chloroform acidiﬁed with HCl.
Vitismicro-remains were found in the past at the Middle Bronze Age site of Marki Alonia, near Nicosia (Adams R. and Simmons D., 1996), but because of the lack of detailed descriptions and biometric measurements, at present they cannot be compared from the taxonomic and morphological standpoint with the seeds found at Pyrgos. These micro-remains raise a series of environmental questions regarding the geographic distribution of Vitison Cyprus (biogeography), biodiversity in the natural landscape, and species imported or partially domesticated-adapted by human activities.
Wine production and consumption at Pyrgos – Mavroraki and Erimi The sediments on the bottom of a vase, coming from the US Py04 FG8 border 7, have been extracted (elutriation) with H2SO4 to 20 %, for ten minutes. Subsequently to the super ﬂoating it has been added 0,02 gr. of 0,02 gr. di β, β’– binaphtol (Feigl F., 1989). The obtained solution submitted to irradiation with UV lamp of 240-250 nanometres, assumed a green colour under the ﬂuorescent rays.
New archaeobotanical data on the cultivation of Vitis ssp.at Pyrgos – Mavroraki: The Morphology of Seeds / Archaeometry and Archaeology
The biometric size of 15 of the seeds is small; they are short, their shapes range from roundish to heart-shaped, and their tips are not prominent. The ventral part is ﬂattish, with very slight protuberances and two deep and narrow furrows separated by a longitudinal bridge.
New archaeobotanical data on the cultivation of Vitis ssp.at Pyrgos – Mavroraki: Materials and Method
Microscopic analyses aimed at identifying the morphological characteristics, biometrics and other measurement of the various artefacts, in order to establish their origin and the technologies used to make them The morpho-biometric study of the diﬀerent archaeobotanical materials (seeds, pollens and textile ﬁbres), was carried out with an image analyser.