The National Research Council (CNR), Rome, is a public organization; its duty is to carry out, promote, spread, transfer and improve research activities in the main sectors of knowledge growth and of its applications for the scientific, technological, economic and social development of Italy. To this end, the activities of the organization are divided into macro areas of interdisciplinary scientific and technological research, concerning several sectors: biotechnology, medicine, materials, environment and land, information and communications, advanced systems of production, judicial and socio-economic sciences, classical studies and arts. CNR is distributed all over Italy through a network of institutes aiming at promoting a wide diffusion of its competences throughout the national territory and at facilitating contacts and cooperation with local firms and organizations. From the financial point of view, the main resources come from the State, but also from the market: even 30% of its balance sheet, an extraordinary result, is the result of revenues coming from external job orders for studies and activities of technical advice as well as from agreements with firms, contracts with the European Union and with the other international organizations.
The CNR Institute for Technologies Applied to Cultural Heritage (ITABC) team of experts on archaeometric researches, was organised by the late prof. Giuseppe Donato after the discovery in Israel near the Dead Sea of the Oﬃcina of perfumes at the En Boqeq site which came to be known in the 1980s as “Cleopatra’s workshop”. From 1984 to 1987 a large laboratory was arranged in the ITABC-CNR of Rome and a great number of analyses on the En Boqeq material were carried out, that made it possible to reconstruct famous perfumes and ointments as the “Juda’s balm and Royal Ointment”. Now a similar research program is carried on by the team working on material coming from the ITABC-CNR excavations at Pyrgos/Mavroraki and Erimi.
Director of the Institute for Technologies Applied to Cultural Heritage of The National Council for Researches (ITABC-CNR) of Rome is Prof. Salvatore Garraffo.